Eric Parks and Nittai Edelmann – Architects
Eric Parks and Nittai Edelmann – Architects
Phil Summers – R-Gen Developments
Large-scale EnerPHit retrofit in Longsight, Manchester
UK Passivhaus Awards 2015 Large Projects Finalist. A regeneration of two dilapidated blocks of flats in one of the poorest parts of Manchester, with EnerPHit as a mechanism for creating a sustainable low carbon community.
Architects Edelmann & Ebling and developer R-Gen Developments, together with Passivhaus Designer Eric Parks, have just completed an ambitious retrofit project to the EnerPHit standard at Erneley Close, Manchester, as part of Eastlands Homes’ £180 million decent homes programme. The project involved a major low energy refurbishment of 32 maisonettes (comprised of two blocks with 20 and 12 maisonettes, respectively), helping to massively improve energy performance, as well as being part of a ‘re-branding’ exercise for the area.
Structural issues and the numerous thermal bridges created by balconies and walkway meant that it turned out to be an immensely challenging project. Various structural issues emerged as the project was under way, requiring the project to be continually re-modelled and re-designed in PHPP (Passive House Planning Package) along the way. The project was undertaken by contractors The Casey Group who made a great collaborative contribution to problem-solving the many challenging practical, thermal bridging and airtightness issues on the project. This included the decision to use timber frame to replace the lately-discovered structurally un-sound brick/ block work internal skin. The project greatly benefited from having an airtightness champion on site and frequent air testing throughout the build helped focus the construction team’s mind.
Green Building Store designed, supplied and commissioned the MVHR systems for the project, as well as supplying PERFORMANCE triple glazed timber windows and doors and a variety of Pro Clima airtightness products. Green Building Store also provided extensive technical input and product support throughout the project. Green Building Store Director Bill Butcher was also involved in giving some Passivhaus training to the building contractors before the project started on site.
MVHR systems & design
Designing the MVHR systems to fit into the maisonettes initially proved challenging for the team. Green Building Store’s MVHR design service worked with Passivhaus mechanical & electrical expert Alan Clarke to design a system to fit the space available. The Zehnder ComfoAir 160 unit was chosen because of its compact form and performance characteristics, which enabled it to be located on the bathroom wall behind the bath. Space for the rigid steel ductwork was located by creating a ceiling void space over the bathroom and landing. Green Building Store and Alan Clarke carefully designed and attenuated the system to ensure that the system operates quietly and with maximum efficiency. To ensure extra quality control, Green Building Store’s MVHR Technical Manager Andrew Farr gave a toolbox talk to ventilation installers on the project and he and Steve Clarke (Services Engineer at Green Building Store) commissioned the units after installation.
Phil Summers from R-Gen Developments commented: “As a developer undertaking our first PassivHaus project it was vital we installed the most technically effective MVHR given the constraints of working within an existing building. Fortunately, we had excellent design and production specification from Alan Clarke, our retained M & E Consultant, and subsequently a fantastic on site implementation and practical assistance from Andrew Farr and his colleagues at Green Building Store. Each flat now has a great internal air quality with residents amazed at how quiet the MVHR system actually is in performance.”
PERFORMANCE windows & doors
The project team specified PERFORMANCE outward opening triple glazed timber windows (with a whole window Uw value of 0.9 W/m2K) for the project. Green Building Store gave specialist design input into the window installation detailing. The combination of PERFORMANCE’s high thermal performance and good design detailing contributed to the project’s meeting strict EnerPHit requirements, during the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) design process. To further help with installation detailing, Green Building Store supplied its windows in pre-prepared insulated plywood boxes – as a complete installation module – to make installation easier and to help reduce thermal bridging around the window junctions.
Eric Parks and Nittai Edelmann commented: “Green Building Store’s PERFORMANCE range suited the project for a number of reasons. It is a substantial window which is solid without being too clunky and is sufficiently robust to help us meet the EnerPHit airtightness requirements. PERFORMANCE also offered a cost-effective option for the project and an alternative to high-end Passivhaus ranges. Being delivered pre-installed in insulated plywood boxes was also a massive help which simplified the installation process and reduced complications on site. In many ways, the windows delivery and installation was one of the most straightforward aspects of what was a very complex project. It was really good to have Green Building Store’s input on window detailing at the very beginning of the project. We got far more input from Green Building Store than we would get from other window suppliers and they very much worked with us as one of the team.”
Pro Clima airtightness products
Airtightness issues with the existing building fabric meant that the project had additional airtightness challenges. For example the volume of air travelling through the party walls was far in excess of original expectations. Pro Clima airtightness products including Solitex DA membrane, Tescon No 1 and Tescon Profil airtightness tapes and Orcon F adhesive were used extensively on the project, among other airtightness strategies. The products were supplied through Green Building Store, which also provided comprehensive technical product support , including organising Pro Clima toolbox talks. The completed project achieved 0.84 air changes @ 50Pa, successfully meeting EnerPHit criteria which requires 1.0 air changes @ 50 Pa or lower.
Eric Parks commented: “Airtightness was the single biggest issue on the project. As the project changed from the original blockwork and wet plaster strategy to timber frame, the Pro Clima range came into its own. The Pro Clima range is great because it seems to have an answer for every problem that arises on site. We found the Tescon Profil tape was particularly flexible and useful on site as its two adhesive strips means that it works well around windows and corners”.
Architect: Edelmann & Ebling www.edelmannandebling.com
Passivhaus designer/consultant: Eric Parks www.ericparks.co.uk
Mechanical & electrical designer: Alan Clarke www.linkedin.com/pub/alan-clarke/88/341/a18
Developer/ Lead Designer: R-Gen Developments www.r-gen.co.uk
Main contractor: The Casey Group www.casey.co.uk
Client: Eastlands Homes www.eastlandshomes.co.uk